Educate Yourself

Definitions

Rape – “Forced sexual intercourse including both psychological coercion as well as physical force. Forced sexual intercourse means penetration by the offender(s). Includes attempted rapes, male as well as female victims, and both heterosexual and homosexual rape. Attempted rape includes verbal threats of rape.”
Sexual assault – “A wide range of victimizations, separate from rape or attempted rape. These crimes include attacks or attempted attacks generally involving unwanted sexual contact between victim and offender. Sexual assaults may or may not involve force and include such things as grabbing or fondling. It also includes verbal threats.”

Statistics

General Statistics
  • There has been a 64% decline in sexual assault against females aged 12 or older from the years (1995-2010)1
  • Only 22% of sexual violence is committed by a stranger; the majority of sexual violence is committed by someone the victim knows (1995-2010).1
  • Approximately 38% of sexual violence is committed by a friend/acquaintance (1995-2010).1
  • Approximately 34% of sexual violence is committed by an intimate partner (includes spouses, boyfriends, girlfriends, etc.) (1995-2010).1
  • Approximately 6% of sexual violence is committed by a family member (1995-2010).1
  • Only 16% of all rapes are actually reported to the police5
Child Sexual Abuse
  • 27.8% males and 12.3% of females were first raped at the age of 10 or younger (2012)6
  • 9.3% of child maltreatment is sexual abuse (2012)8
  • 1 in 5 girls have been victims of sexual abuse as compared to 1 in 20 boys8
  • About 33% of perpetrators are juveniles; 14% of perpetrators are known to the victim.8
  • In a national survey, of those who experienced any kind of child maltreatment, 9.8% report sexual abuse.9
  • Children who report any type of victimization, such as sexual abuse, are 64.5% likely to be experiencing other types of abuse (e.g., neglect, physical abuse).9
Male Sexual Assault
  • In the United States 1 out of 33 males have been victims of attempted or completed rape (2000).4
  • According to the National Crime Victimization Survey (2010), only 8% of rapes/sexual assault victimizations were by strangers.7
  • 1 in 20 males report rape by an intimate partner.13
  • In their lifetime, 1 in 71 males report being victims of rape.13
Teen Sexual Assault and Abuse
  • Reports discovered that 11.8% high school girls and 4.5% of high school boys have been forced to have sexual intercourse (2012).2
  • 29.9% of teenagers reported that they were first raped between the ages of 11 and 17 according to the CDC.2
  • In a 2013 study, 10.4% of high schoolers reported being victims of sexual violence while dating.2
  • In the same 2013 study, 7.4% of high schoolers reported being physically forced to have sex.2
College Campus Sexual Assault
  • The likelihood that sexual assault will occur to a female student (6.1 out of 1,000) is 1.2 times lower than for female nonstudents (7.6 out of 1,000)3
  • Sexual assault victimization and rape is more likely to go unreported to the police for female students (80%) than for female nonstudents (67%).3
  • 12% of rapes among college women are reported (2007).5
  • The offender was known to the victim 80% of the time for both female students and female nonstudents 13.3
LGBT
  • An estimated 14% to 20% of gay or bisexual men are victims of adult sexual assault.10
  • Bisexual females are report more rape than heterosexual and lesbian females.11
  • 48.2% of female bisexuals were first raped between the ages of 11 and 17.11
  • In one study, 50.8% of gay and bisexual men reported being sexually abused as a child.12
  • 67.2% of males in one study reported at least one instance of adult sexual assault.12
Racial Minorities
    • American Indian/Alaskan Native: 34.1% women14
    • African/Americans: 18.8 % for women; 3.3% for men14
    • Asian/Pacific Islander: 6.8% of women14
    • Hispanic: 14.6% women; 3.4% men14
    • Mixed Race: 24.4% of women; 4.4% of men14

According to another study, the following information was obtained by those who reported being victims to sexual violence other than rape at least once in their lives 16.

  • Hispanic: 35.6% women; 26.6% men16
  • American Indian/Alaskan Native: 55 % women; 24.5% men16
  • African American: 38.2% women; 24.4% men16
  • Asian/Pacific Islander: 31.9%; 15.8% men16
  • Multiracial: 64.1%; 39.5 % men16
Persons With Disabilities
  • It is estimated that 26.7% of children with disabilities will be victims of violence; 13.7% of these children will be victims to sexual violence.4
  • Sexual assault is more likely to happen for children with mental disabilities compared to those with physical disabilities.4
  • It has been estimated in several studies that 80% of women with a developmental disability has been sexually assaulted at least once in their lives.4
References
  • 1. Black, M. C., Basile, K. C., Breiding, M. J., Smith, S. G., Walters, M. L., Merrick, M. T., …Stevens, M. R. (2011). The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey: 2010 summary report. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/pdf/NISVS_Report2010-a.pdf
  • 2. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2012). Sexual violence: Facts at a glance 2012. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/sv-datasheet-a.pdf
  • 3. Center for Disease Control (CDC)(2013, Jan 25). CDC releases data on interpersonal violence by sexual orientation. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2013/p0125_NISVS.html
  • 4. Davis, L. A. (2011). People with intellectual disabilities and sexual violence. The Arc. Retrieved from http://www.thearc.org/document.doc?id=3657
  • 5. Finkelhor, D., Turner, H., Ormrod, R., Hamby, S., & Kracke, K (2009). Children’s exposure to violence: A comprehensive national survey. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/227744.pdf
  • 6. Hequembourg, A. L., & Parks, K. A. (2015). Sexual assault risks among gay and bisexual men. Journal of Sex Research, 52, 282-295. doi: 10.1080/00224499.2013.856836
  • 7. Kalichman, S. C., Benotsch, E., Rompa, D., Gore-Felton, C., Austin, J., Luke, W., … Simpson, D. (2001). Unwanted sexual experiences and sexual risks in gay and bisexual men: Associations among revictimization, substance use, and psychiatric symptoms. Journal of Sex Research, 38, 1-9. doi:10.1080=00224490109552065
  • 8. Kilpatrick, D. G., Resnick, H. S., Ruggiero, K. J., Conoscenti, L. M., McCauley, J. (2007). Drug-facilitated, incapacitated, and forcible rape: A national study. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/219181.pdf
  • 9. McArthy, K. Over 60 percent decline in sexual violence against females from 1995 to 2010. (2013, March 7). Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/press/fvsv9410pr.cfm
  • 10. Morriston, L., Shinn, A. N., Russell, A., Barbara, W., Kurtz, D., Miller, L.,… & Callanan, K. (2003). Abuse and neglect of adults with developmental disabilities; a public health priority for the state of California. Retrieved from http://www.scdd.ca.gov/res/docs/pdf/Publications/Abuse_and_Neglect_WhitePaper.pdf
  • 11. The National Center for Victims of Crime. Statistics on perpetrators of child sexual abuse. Retrieved from: http://www.victimsofcrime.org/media/reporting-on-child-sexual-abuse/statistics-on-perpetrators-of-csa
  • 12. National Sex Offender Public Website. Raising awareness about sexual abuse: Facts and Statistics. http://www.nsopw.gov/en/Education/FactsStatistics?AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1#reference
  • 13. Sinozich, S., & Langton, L. (2014). Rape and sexual assault amongst college age females, 1995-2013. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/rsavcaf9513.pdf
  • 14. Tjaden, P., & Thoennes, N. (2000) Full report of the prevalence, incidence, and consequences of violence against women: Findings from the National Violence against Women Survey. National Institute of Justice. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/183781.pdf
  • 15. Truman, J. (2011). National Crime Victimization Survey: Criminal victimization, 2010. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cv10.pdf
  • 16. Victims of Crime (2015). Statistical overview Retrieved from http://victimsofcrime.org/docs/default-source/ncvrw2015/2015ncvrw_6_statisticaloverviews.pdf?sfvrsn=2